Image Printing Packaging Mail Limited
Gravure Printing Books Process
Updated: 2015-04-08
Tags: Photograph Book, Art Book, Book Design

Gravure Printing Books were developed early same as Letterpress Book Printing technical. In 1879, Karl Kleitsch is generally credited with inventing the gravure processIn 1894, he also developed a press that could print from etched copper cylinders instead of flat plates. Within following twenty years gravure cylinders were being used to print a variety of products including a portion of New York Times.

Opposite to Relief printing, in gravure printing, the ink is transferred from a lowered surface to paper. The image area of a gravure plate is cut below or into the surface of the place. The entire surface of the plate is inked and then wiped clean. This leaves ink in the lowered areas of the plate. The paper is then pressed against the plate and ink transfers to it. It can bend and stretch to get into the lowered areas of a gravure plate.

Gravure Printing Books

Today both flat and cylindrical gravure plate are used on a variety of presses to print books, Sunday newspaper supplements, magazines, major mail order catalogs, stamps, and even paper money. Much of our printed fabric and plastical packaging materials are also produced by gravure.

Like the raised image on a relief plate, the lowered image on a gravure plate must also be prepared in reverse. Note the shape of the lowered surface that printed the letter "wrong reading" or backwards. The lowered surface was purposely prepared this way so that it would print a "right reading" image on the paper.
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